Factors influencing cellulite and fat, often referred to as the "orange-peel" or "cottage-cheese" effect, cellulite plagues over 90% of women today. Although advancing age, lifestyle habits, hormonal factors, hydration levels, stress, medications, and body types may predispose certain woman to cellulite and fat retention, all women are at risk. Resistant to diet and exercise, cellulite affects even young, thin women who are devoted followers of stringent exercise and nutritional regimens. There is a remarkable sexual differentiation in the skin’s hypodermis; in females, the septum is perpendicular to the skin surface, as components of the vertical pockets. In males, the septa intersect, forming smaller, polygonal-shaped chambers. The finer male hypodermis, housed within a thicker dermis, is less influenced by deformed fat cells (adipocytes) and less likely to store fat. This anatomical distinction explains why men do not show cellulite the way women do. Both men and women, however, suffer from exercise and diet resistant fat retention, resulting in stomach paunches, love handles and the like…
When normal fatty tissue is stored, it is held in place by a network of collagen and elastin fibers and is supplied by a network of vascular and lymph vessels. When the system works well, the vascular system takes energy from the fat stores when required, and toxins are flushed away via the lymph.
Metabolically inactive, fat cells do not release fatty acids of their own accord. When the body’s natural waste removal system starts to fail, waste products build up in fat cells and the connective tissue become saturated with fluids, inflamed and swollen. As fat cells enlarge, they also reorganize themselves. Excess fat storage puts lateral pressure on the vertically attached skin partitions and causes the cell membrane to become distorted, losing elasticity, shape and definition. The growing adipocytesalso destroy the network of collagen and elastin fibers. These respond by thickening, forming hard pockets that encroach upon vascular and lymphatic vessels, further inhibiting microcirculation and the release of fatty acids. Externally, the skin develops an unsightly puckered or dimpled appearance.
Cellulite can be diagnosed and categorised into four stages. The more advanced the condition of cellulite, the greater the effort required to treat it. When treating cellulite, the congested lymph and waste system needs to be cleared, the fibrosis around the hardened pockets of fat needs to be softened or broken down and the weak network of collagen and elastin fibers needs to be strengthened and re-modeled.